Consultancy Opportunity

Consultancy Opportunity 

Firm/Consultancy to conduct formative Research in Social Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) in Kampong Cham and Pursat Provinces 

The objective of the consultancy:

The purpose of this formative research is to inform the social and behaviour change communication and community capacity strengthening strategy for Better Beginnings. Findings from this research will assist the project in designing appropriate: community capacity strengthening and self-help strategies which will be effective in building the capacity of caregivers and communities to identify problems and solutions, and take individual and collective action for effective caregiving practices that consider the whole development of the child based on the 5 components of the Nurturing Care Framework. The formative research findings will also inform the development of evidence-based social and behaviour change communication messages and strategies, including innovative ways of delivering such messages to target communities (including children) such that community attitudes and behaviours are positively influenced to adopt and demand better caregiving practices that lead to better child development outcomes for children aged 0-3[i].

Target audience: Mothers and fathers of children under three years, boys and girls of school age, Mother in-laws, Grand Mothers/Fathers, Children, Men with children under 3, traditional & commune leaders, Health, Education and Protection service providers, and local government decision makers. 

Consultant(s) Qualifications:

  • Advanced university degree in ECD, health, nutrition, Education, or related field of study or other relevant field
  • At least 5 years of working experience in development work of other relevant field, comfort working across cultures and familiarity with language translation issues. Contextual familiarity with Cambodia is mandatory. 
  • Demonstrated prior experience in conducting formative research relating to SBCC, as well as experience in leading research/evaluation teams as evidenced by example report
  • Strong analytical, synthesis, and English report writing skills, as evidenced by quality of previously-written research report (from last 3 years)
  • Familiarity with 0-3 ECCD programming in rural Cambodia context. Previous exposure to and experience of Save the Children program work is highly regarded
  • Detailed financial proposal (template in annex) 

Assignment Duration: 31 days 

The Organisation

We employ approximately 25,000 people across the globe and work on the ground in over 100 countries to help children affected by crises, or those that need better healthcare, education and child protection. We also campaign and advocate at the highest levels to realise the right of children and to ensure their voices are heard.  

We are working towards three breakthroughs in how the world treats children by 2030:

  • No child dies from preventable causes before their 5th birthday
  • All children learn from a quality basic education and that,
  • Violence against children is no longer tolerated 

We know that great people make a great organization, and that our employees play a crucial role in helping us achieve our ambitions for children.  We value our people and offer a meaningful and rewarding career, along with a collaborative and inclusive workplace where ambition, creativity, and integrity are highly valued. 

Application Information:

Interested candidates are invited to submit to Save the Children Cambodia via jobs.cambodia@savethechildren.org by the 26th of May 2019. 

Expressions of interest that do not cover the requirement below will not be considered:

  • Cover letter outlining relevant experience in response to the criteria as set out in the ‘Criteria for Evaluation of Proposal Compliance’
  • Brief outline of proposed methodology
  • A summarized CV
  • Consultant daily rate and overall budget in detailed financial proposal template (see annex)
  • Example of similar report/study produced in English, in which consultant is sole or lead author
  • Contact information from two professional references related to similar pieces of work 

A copy of the full role profile can be found at http://cambodia.savethechildren.net or https://www.facebook.com/SavetheChildreninCambodia 

Closing date for application is 26th of May 2019. 

We need to keep children safe so our selection process, which includes rigorous background checks, reflects our commitment to the protection of children from abuse. 

For more information about Save the Children in Cambodia, please visit our website:  https://cambodia.savethechildren.net/about-us


[i] 0-3 across this paper refer to children from prenatal to the age of 3 years.

==============================================================================

Terms of Reference for Firm/Consultancy to conduct formative Research in Social Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) in Kampong Cham and Pursat Provinces of CAMBODIA (Save the Children International)

 

Budget activity code: 521715    SOF: 82604218

 

Project: Better Beginnings  

Date Tor finalized: 30 April 2019

Lead TA: Chrystal Holt

Responsible Person: KHOY Rany

Status: Draft

 I.             Introduction to Save the Children

Save the Children (SC) is the world's largest independent child rights organization, working in more than 120 countries, including Cambodia. Save the Children in Cambodia implements its programmes in partnership with the Government, civil society and relevant research organizations. We work with communities, local NGO's and community based organizations to deliver projects that help ensure children are protected, healthy and educated. We work with the Royal Government of Cambodia and civil society to ensure that our development efforts are sustainable.  Save the Children in Cambodia works in the whole spectrum of child development through 5 programmes: Education, Child Protection, Child Rights Governance, Health & Nutrition, and Child Poverty. Save the Children works in both development and emergency contexts, ensuring that cross-cutting areas such as gender, disability, resiliency, and remoteness are key considerations to achieve immediate and lasting change for the most marginalized and most disadvantaged.

 II.            Project background

Cambodia has been classified as a lower middle-income country since 2015, following rapid economic development.  However, this growth has not been distributed equitably across Cambodia, with rural and remote areas falling behind national averages for many indicators.  To contextualise this, close to 13.5% of the population in 2015 lived below the poverty line, but a further 28% of the population remain near poor - less than $1 above the poverty line.  This means that there is a vast population that is highly susceptible to shocks and are at risk of falling back below the poverty line, particularly when Cambodia lacks a social safety net programme for those ‘near-poor’.

Young children in Cambodia face a variety of challenges to their development outcomes. Fifty seven percent of children aged 0 – 4 are multi-dimensionally poor, with the primary areas of concern for children in this age category being the Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) and nutrition dimensions. Eight out of ten children do not attend an early childhood education or preschool programme, and 45.4% of children are not fed according to the requirements for infant and young child feeding practices[1], contributing to a stunting rate of 32%[2] and among the highest prevalence of child and maternal malnutrition in the region. Physical, emotional and sexual abuse against children is widespread: over half of both females and males aged 18-24 years (52.7% and 54.2%, respectively) reported at least one experience of physical violence prior to the age of 18[3]. In terms of healthcare, coverage and quality of care is not equitable and healthcare is still inaccessible for the poor, particularly the rural poor. Children of ethnic minorities, those living in remote areas and children with disabilities in Cambodia all face discrimination in accessing basic services including education and health; often their only option in terms of healthcare is to seek care from unlicensed private clinics if they can afford it.

Better Beginnings project is a new pre-natal to age 3 programme informed by our 6 years’ experience to date on First Read Early Childhood Care and Development, and the Nurturing Care Framework, launched in 2018 by UNICEF and WHO. The project aims to deliver holistic results for children aged pre-natal to 3, and provide multi- sectoral, integrated support to caregivers in ways that respond to their lived reality. Our ambition is that this approach will spark broader systems change, enabling government-led improvements in developmental outcomes for whole populations of children, not just programme beneficiaries. We are carefully designing a programme that can deliver against these ambitions, while also maintaining the meaningful engagement with caregivers and communities that was a hallmark of First Read.

 III.          SBCC, Community Capacity Strengthening, mobilization and participation

In order to address these poor education, health, protection and nutrition indicators, the programme will develop a comprehensive social and behaviour change strategy, with a focus on building community capacity to influence positive social and gender norm changes that support positive and responsive caregiver practices.  Working with stakeholders at all levels of the community (caregivers, community and commune leaders) and advocating for integrated multisectoral programmes will contribute to an increase in child development outcomes (cognitive, language, social-emotional and physical).  This can be achieved through community capacity strengthening and social and behavior change communication approaches, and evidence based messages to promote responsive care practices, such as: exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months; adequate complementary feeding subsequent to this; early stimulation activities, improved communication, reduction in levels of physical and emotional violence against young children.

Integrating the 5 components of the NCF successfully for the pre-natal to 3 age range either through one existing platform e.g. the community and government health workers or through multiple existing community structures  will require extensive collaboration and coordination to ensure that no individual structure or body becomes overloaded.

 IV.          Purpose of Formative Research

The purpose of this formative research is to inform the social and behaviour change communication and community capacity strengthening strategy for Better Beginnings. Findings from this research will assist the project in designing appropriate: community capacity strengthening and self-help strategies which will be effective in building the capacity of caregivers and communities to identify problems and solutions, and take individual and collective action for effective caregiving practices that consider the whole development of the child based on the 5 components of the Nurturing Care Framework. The formative research findings will also inform the development of evidence-based social and behaviour change communication messages and strategies, including innovative ways of delivering such messages to target communities (including children) such that community attitudes and behaviours are positively influenced to adopt and demand better caregiving practices that lead to better child development outcomes for children aged 0-3[i].

Target audience: Mothers and fathers of children under three years, boys and girls of school age, Mother in-laws, Grand Mothers/Fathers, Children, Men with children under 3, traditional & commune leaders, Health, Education and Protection service providers, and local government decision makers.

General Objectives

  1. Through a barrier analysis, identify and assess the barriers and drivers associated with good caregiver[4] practices for children aged 0-3 at household and community levels including reasons for adoption/rejection of essential practices;

 

  1. To ascertain the actual community practices on:
    1. Responsive caregiving practices (e.g. bonding with the child, praise and encouragement, communicating with the baby and the young child..)
    2. Incidences of violence within the household (e.g. the age where this begins, types of physical and emotional violence that occur, include intra-partner violence)
    3. Exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding
    4. Existing health practices of mother and children under 3(ANC, delivery, PNC,  breast feeding, child feeding, immunization, Vitamin A supplementation, handwashing, use of toilets)
    5. Positive, engaging interactions between the child and the caregiver (e.g. play with the child during the day, reading with the child, singing to the child….)

 

  1. To identify and assess factors that enable and restrict effective delivery of and demand for quality ECCD services for the 0-3 age range

 

  1. To explore the insights of Caregivers (Mothers, Fathers, or other caregivers of children under 3, including grandmothers, Children, and Health service providers (including community health providers), religious, political and non-formal leaders on the feasibility and acceptability of demand side / SBCC /community capacity strengthening interventions and strategies, including the pre-testing the concept of Participatory Women’s Groups / Community Action Cycle and social accountability approaches (such as complaints and feedback mechanisms and community scorecard), providing insights into community power dynamics and gender equity.

 

  1. To explore the acceptability of non-financial incentives with state and community preschool teachers involved on parental education, the workers responsible for delivery of parental education[5], community members, health staff, and the Commune Committee for Women and Children and head teachers who are responsible for supervising the work of the caregiver session facilitators – what would be acceptable in terms of who the workforce may be, feasible and effective in ensuring they stay on to carry out their roles and responsibilities after the project has ended; what barriers and motivational factors may there be for the workforce to do this work. This could be built on existing SCI’s Cambodia centenary commitment report 2018 exploring integrated service for 0-3.

 

  1. To recommend appropriate social and behavior change communication and community capacity strengthening strategies, preferred channels of communication, and key messages targeting segmented populations tailored to the needs of the Better Beginning Programme in target communities;

 

  1. To assess the acceptability and feasibility of children’s participation alongside their caregivers in the Better Beginnings Programme and to identify opportunities, barriers and risks associated with their participation to support care seeking at household and community levels.; for example frequency of caregiver sessions, locality of sessions….

 

Study questions

Study questions should address the 5 components of the nurturing care framework (adequate nutrition, good health, early learning, safety and security, responsive caregiving) and the 3 key behavior determinants of culture/social norms, self- efficacy/skills and perceived consequences.  Overarching questions include:

  1. What are the barriers and drivers for good caregiver practices for children aged pre-natal-3 at the household and community levels?
  2. What are the reasons for adoption or rejection of specific good caregiver practices?
  3. What drives or restricts the provision of integrated, multi-sectoral programmes for children aged pre-natal to age 3 at the community level?
  4. What do households and communities perceive as feasible and acceptable in terms of demand side / SBCC /community capacity strengthening interventions and strategies, including the pre-testing the concept of Participatory Women’s Groups / Community Action Cycle and social accountability approaches?
  5. What do state and community preschool teachers presently involved in delivery of caregiver sessions[6], and other stakeholders consider  acceptable, feasible and effective in ensuring they stay on to carry out their roles and responsibilities after the project has ended;

 V.           Formative Research Methodology

The methodology will be finalised by the consultant but should at a minimum incorporate a design that at its core involves community members, key stakeholders, existing structures and local leadership in all stages of the research not only as participants but as equal collaborators in the development of suitable behavior change strategy.   

This form of design is critical to the success of Better Beginnings because the results of this work will yield not only critical information about the determinants underlying current practices, but also will clarify the determinants that facilitate adoption of new, caregiver positive practices that the programme wishes to promote.

 

The approach should include the following at a minimum:

 

  1. Desk review of secondary data of relevant formative research done in Cambodia, with focus on Kampong Cham and Pursat provinces and produce an inception report (summary of analysis and proposed data collection tools);   
  2. Review of relevant works on strategies/approaches that have been used for SBCC and community capacity strengthening especially in Kampong Cham and Pursat provinces
  3. Propose plan for qualitative data collection to respond the specific objectives;
  4. Propose study design including sample selection criteria, sampling size in conjunction with the CO
  5. Information will be gathered from various community based stakeholders including children, residing within Save the Children’s target intervention areas. Respondents are expected to be mothers, fathers and children of school age; Health workers and managers; traditional and commune leaders; people actively taking part in community health structures/systems etc. Employ appropriate qualitative methodologies e.g. key informant interviews, focus group discussions
  6. Develop a full narrative report detailing the findings of the formative research
  7. Disseminate findings through a workshop to Save the Children CO staff. 

 

Data Collection Requirements

The consultant will develop and deploy a method for administering all data collection tools in a way that is functional, time- and resource-efficient, and appropriate for the populations to which the tools are to be administered including for children when they are the respondents. For children with specific disabilities, additional preparation may be required to ensure their voices are not compromised due to their disability. For all children, Human Subject Research ethics must be adhered to, including oral assent from the child and either oral/written consent from the child’s caregiver or adult in loco parentis. All consultants and enumerators will be trained on Save the Children’s Child Safeguarding protocol and sign on their understanding and agreement to the policy. No child will be interviewed out of sight of their caregivers or guardian.

 

Final Report and debrief with programme and management staff

The consultant/team will agree the structure of the final report with Save the Children to ensure

coherence with the Transition phase and Better Beginnings current thinking. The report should include findings; methodology, recommendations as well as other sections Save the Children feel necessary.

Based on a synthesis of the final report, the consultant will be expected to develop a power point

presentation and share the key findings and the database with the Save the Children team in Cambodia and the Save the Children UK technical advisor. This   feedback workshop will be conducted in English.  All reports should conform to the Save the Children reporting format, which will be made available to the consultant on signing off the contract. All reports including annexes should be in English and Khmer.

 

Reference Materials –consultant should review before data collection

  • Endline report from First Read Phase 2
  • Transition phase proposal
  • Country Office reports/findings from other SBCC initiatives (i.e. NOURISH, Integrated Child Protection study-research fellow study, the centenary commitment report 2018 exploring integrated service for 0-3, etc)
  • SC children participation technical guide
  • SC community mobilization technical guide,
  • The consultants should also be able to carry out their own individual on-line research

 VI.           Roles and Responsibilities

Consultant and team

  • Develop work plan, protocol and tools (English and Khmer) in consultation with Save the Children
  • Be responsible for quality of work, with guidance from ECCD Senior Advisor and SC UK Technical Advisors.
  • Use their own equipment, support personnel, support services, and transportation needed for the consultancy work;
  • Report progress of work on a weekly basis to ECCD Senior Advisor.
  • Prepare for and conduct one-day workshop presenting research design and tools to SC Country Office programme staff to get detail inputs as possible before moving on to field data collection.
  • Train the consultant data collection team on methodology, tools and process
  • Pre-test and finalise tools, ensuring quality of translation
  • Manage and conduct quality control of the data collection
  • Perform data entry and analysis
  • Present first draft report to Save the Children in a timely manner
  • Take into consideration Save the Children’s input and review comments
  • Non-Khmer speaking consultants will bear any translation costs
  • Prepare for and conduct one-day workshop on dissemination of results to SC Country Office programme staff
  • Prepare for and conduct one-day workshop on dissemination of results to SC Country Office programme staff

 

Save the Children

Save the Children will assist the consultant(s) to ensure that the final methodology and report is sound and meets the quality and requirements of Save the Children. 

  • Provide all SC evidence on SBCC in Cambodian 0-3 ECCD and project documents
  • Review and provide feedback on inception report, tools, drafts, etc.
  • Assign staff to work with consultant during this process
  • Arrange appointments with relevant stakeholders 
  • Approve payments for mid-term and final work progress for the consultancy.
  • Provide venue for workshop and appoint staff to attend

 VII.         Skills and competencies required of consultant and team

  • Experience conducting qualitative research, formative research and research for community mobilization and social and behaviour change communication.
  • The research consultant must be skilled and prepared to work with children. Efforts should be made to ensure that terminology and language used facilitates the integration of children into the discussions of sophisticated topics and debates. 
  • Child safeguarding and Ethical considerations regarding data collection, including confidentiality must be clearly highlighted in the methodology. Planning should take into consideration Ethical Checking Requirements in country.
  • Knowledge and experience of working in Cambodia is a requirement

 VIII.        Duration of consultancy

 

This activity is expected to be completed within 31 working days. Length of engagement is between early or mid-June and end of July 2019.

 

Planned Activities

Deadline 

Preliminary literature review and research tools design

3 days

Fieldwork preparation

3 days

In-country data collection

15 days

Analysis

5 days

Reporting

5 days

Total

31 days

 IX.          Key deliverables and outputs of this consultancy

 

Number

Deliverables

Deliverable 1

Inception report - summary of preliminary literature review, detailed methodology, research tools for formative research (including a summary of the social, cultural and economic barriers and influencing factors on decisions to improve care seeking behaviour at household and community level); to be reviewed and approved by Save the Children before start of field work

Deliverable 2

A feasible and realistic work plan.

 

Deliverable 3

Full draft report in English. Report should be concise and reader-friendly, and include specific recommended changes or additions to existing activities to ensure gender is considered, responded to, and inequalities reduced.

Deliverable 4

A  draft matrix of Social and Behaviour Change Communication messages and strategies, and community capacity strengthening, mobilization  and children’s participation strategies for the programme which have been concept tested with the community for feasibility and acceptability

 

Deliverable 5

PowerPoint presentations summarising the research and highlighting key findings and recommendations

Deliverable 6

A one page summary of key recommendations, for project teams to share with relevant stakeholders (in English).

 

Deliverable 7

A detailed and acceptable final report (presenting findings from formative research in line with key objectives (including an executive summary, introduction and summary of literature review, research methods, key findings, discussion and recommendations)

 

Deliverable 8

A  FINAL matrix of Social and Behaviour Change Communication messages and strategies, and community capacity strengthening, mobilization  and children’s participation strategies for the programme which have been concept tested with the community for feasibility and acceptability

Note: This will be a focus and subject to adjust consultancy/study duration based on proposed proposal.

 

N

Outputs/Deliveries

Payment Schedule

Payment Amount

1

Inception report and workplan (deliverables 1-2)

1st payment

20%

2

Complete data collection and submit first draft report  and SBCC matrix (deliverables 3-4)

2nd  payment

40%

3

Submit final report, PowerPoint, SBCC final matrix, 1 page summary of recommendations, and final data collection tools; (deliverables 5-8)

3rd payment

40%

The Royal Government of Cambodia requires a 14% withholding tax for non-residential consultants and a 15% withholding tax for residential consultants. This withholding tax will be withheld from the consultant's normal daily rate and is NOT the responsibility of Save the Children. 

Global criteria for deliverable satisfaction:

  1. For all deliverables and milestones, payment is not contingent upon simple completion of activities associated with deliverables and payment schedule, but rather the completion of the activity and deliverable to the satisfaction of Save the Children. Payment will be made based on satisfactory passing of each milestone, including successful completion agreed follow up actions and tasks from previous month’s appraisal.
  2. Any analysis included should go beyond broad or general statements to make a specific argument justified by data with examples provided. This does not necessarily mean more pages, but rather specificity and justification.
    1. Example: ‘migration is a major issue’ (broad) versus ‘migration affects shore-based communities more than floating communities, girls are more likely to be at-risk child migrants while boys are more likely to be children left behind, and while X organizations/government are addressing Y aspects of migration, no one is addressing Z aspects’ (great!)
  3. Any analysis should demonstrate a deep understanding of SBCC in Cambodia and awareness of local and national contextual dynamics, including gender and poverty/vulnerability.
  4. Any analysis should put forth recommendations justified by data or analysis. Where assertions are made, the evidence/data behind the assertion should be specified.
  5. Deliverables should be written in clear, effective language and proof-read by a native English speaker for minimal grammar or spelling mistakes before draft submitted for Save the Children review.
  6. Throughout the analysis and report writing process, relevant Save the Children in Cambodia staff have been engaged to the extent possible to build their capacity.

 X.            Criteria for Evaluation of Proposal Compliance

 

Evaluation Criteria

Obtainable Score

a)     Advanced university degree in ECD, health, nutrition, Education, or related field of study or other relevant field

15

b)     At least 5 years of working experience in development work of other relevant field, comfort working across cultures and familiarity with language translation issues. Contextual familiarity with Cambodia is mandatory. 

15

c)      Demonstrated prior experience in conducting formative research relating to SBCC, as well as experience in leading research/evaluation teams as evidenced by example report

25

d)     Strong analytical, synthesis, and English report writing skills, as evidenced by quality of previously-written research report (from last 3 years)

20

e)     Familiarity with 0-3 ECCD programming in rural Cambodia context. Previous exposure to and experience of Save the Children program work is highly regarded.

15

f)      Detailed financial proposal (template in annex)

10

Total Obtainable Score:

100

 Management and Logistics

The consultant will report to Khoy Rany, ECCD Senior Advisor. The consultant is solely responsible for administering the survey, interviews, FGDs, etc.

 Confidentiality

All data collected during this exercise will become the property of Save the Children and will not be shared with third parties without the express permission of Save the Children.

 Other

Save the Children is committed to ensuring a safe environment and culture for all children with whom we come in contact during the course of our work. All external consultants involved in this evaluation exercise will be required to comply with Save the Children’s Child Safeguarding Policy and sign the Code of Conduct.

 Expressions of Interest

Suitably qualified and interested candidates are invited to submit to Save the Children Cambodia via jobs.cambodia@savethechildren.org by 26th of May, 2019.

Expressions of interest that do not cover the requirement below will not be considered:

  • Cover letter outlining relevant experience in response to the criteria as set out in the ‘Criteria for Evaluation of Proposal Compliance’
  • Brief outline of proposed methodology
  • A summarized CV
  • Consultant daily rate and overall budget in detailed financial proposal template (see annex)
  • Example of similar report/study produced in English, in which consultant is sole or lead author
  • Contact information from two professional references related to similar pieces of work

 XI. This TOR is approved by:

 

Signature:                     __________________________________

 

Name and Designation: Pearce, Elizabeth, Country Director

Date of Signing             02 May 2019

  

Annex: Template for detailed financial proposal

 

Item

Unit Cost

# of Units

Total Item Cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total proposed budget: _______________

  



[1] UNICEF, Child Poverty in Cambodia: Summary Report, 2016

[2] Cambodia Demographic Health Survey 2010 - 2014

[3] UNICEF, Cambodia VAC Survey 2013

[4] The term caregiver here applies to whoever has primary care for the child – this may be biological parents, grandparents. other relatives, older siblings….

[5] In Cambodia, the parenting session facilitators are preschool teachers

[6] In Cambodia, the parenting session facilitators are preschool teachers



[i] 0-3 across this paper refer to children from prenatal to the age of 3 years.

Location: Cambodia

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Closing date: Sunday 26 May 2019

All jobs close at midnight UK time on the date specified

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